The role of music in promoting health and wellbeing: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

TitleThe role of music in promoting health and wellbeing: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsViola E, Martorana M, Airoldi C, Meini C, Ceriotti D, De Vito M, De Ambrosi D, Faggiano F
JournalEur J Public Health
Date Published2023 Jun 15

BACKGROUND: The higher disease burden and related costs due to an increasing aging population have placed tremendous pressure on the healthcare systems worldwide. Given that music, both listened and actively performed, promotes and maintains good health and wellbeing among the population, we sought to perform a systematic review that would assess its biopsychosocial effects on a population over 40 years of age.

METHODS: A comprehensive search of peer-reviewed articles up to April 2021 was conducted on six electronic databases (i.e. Cochrane, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Scopus). Our study population only included healthy adults of 40 years and older. A total of 11 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) matched the inclusion criteria and were therefore analyzed.

RESULTS: Despite the heterogeneity of the methodologies used in the selected studies, our findings suggest that active musical participation can lead to beneficial effects on both cognitive and psychosocial functioning, whereas the positive impact of listening to music seems to be predominantly restricted to the cognitive domain.

CONCLUSIONS: Although our results are consistent with both active and passive music activities favouring health and wellbeing in individuals 40 years old and over, future prospective RCTs, employing more uniformed and sensitive measurements, should allow us to better gauge the role of music participation in healthy aging and longevity, especially in countries with a high population density of elderly people.

Alternate JournalEur J Public Health
PubMed ID37322515
Grant List / / Compagnia di Sanpaolo /